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tv   [untitled]    July 1, 2011 5:30am-6:00am EDT

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russia head south to france is a weapon supplies to libyan rebels saying it's in violation of u.n. arms embargo meanwhile the international criminal court has issued an arrest warrant and if you don't become libyan leader son of course is not an ocean that's in an exclusive interview with r.t. . greece's parliament agrees on how to put into effect your sturdy package government is ready to sell some greek assets to events and many people feel they're the ones being put up for sale. three men are each sentenced to twenty five
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years for taking part in an f.b.i. sting fake brought to the synagogues in new york the questions are raised about this tactics of quiting homegrown terror. next we explore the life of soviet scientists andre center of a man who invented the hydrogen bomb and was at the same time the civil unions most famous dissident. december one thousand nine hundred eighty six in the u.s.s.r. as an apartment in the city of gold keep a phone line is urgently installed at a set time the phone rings the voice of the other and speaks this is gorbachev please return and continue your patriotic activity. the person these words were
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dressed to has spent nearly the past seven years in political exile. it was the man who created the first hydrogen bomb and received a number of the state's top awards but he was also the most widely known soviet dissident constantly hounded by the k.g.b. and oppressed by the party's leadership the man who drew so much attention was under a satire of his life was full of paradoxes. now known as the city of nice north good old go to key was closed to foreigners in the soviet times because it housed a number of secret defense facilities. urge you to come to your senses mr subtle as a person living among the soviet people you must surely see clearly what goals the communist party and our people are striving to achieve on behalf of the twenty five thousand employees of our taganrog machine factory thank you to please come to your
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senses otherwise you shall lose every moral rights to carry the honorable title of a soviet citizen. a lead into town and save is a retired transit police officer in the mid 1980's easy meat was ordered to tail such out of especially when he was at the station saying. his wife elin aboard off to moscow the very cordial group every officer had a specific task to carry out at all costs the overall task was to follow cycle of and to ensure that no documents or anything else has passed on to him especially at the railway station and we want to ensure that he doesn't get to speak with any strangers and. during some of those exile to gorky every facet of his life was closely monitored including his personal correspondence hundreds of letters of support as arrived from abroad waiting to sit sit by the
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k.g.b. although the settlers were always supplied with a notification that mail had been delivered. the a doctor's son it has been so long since they have had any use of the well we're very concerned about the health and the health of his wife illana owner will most anxious to hear from you and would greatly appreciate a response to this letter many people here in the united states and in canada support you and the principles which you stand that it was of the k.g.b. made a list of persons to restrict so her of from communicating like certain people of the k.g.b. were sure that some of these people were acting under orders of western intelligence services to collect information on the settlers of the distant movement in the soviet union and the involvement of prominent public figures we were within. sight of how to round the clock surveillance team assigned to him local k.g.b. staff took pictures of his daily routine. this was so they could present to western
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media as a human rights activist sacral was alive and well. sahar of could feel he was being closely monitored and he understood you would have to live with it for many years. in the house across the street there was a k.g.b. department who watched sacrifice every step additional surveillance was installed in the yard nearby there was a special transmitter that muted the signals of western radio stations. most soviet citizens were initially unaware of sacco's identity he was the so-called secret academic these are some racial to the cycles taking a train ride to the town not to marks on any of the world's maps a nuclear research center are as a must sixty this is where sector of works on his hydrogen bomb in the late nine hundred forty s.
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. i worked very hard as i can sort it out last to be extreme importance to mankind . balanced nuclear armed response from the to direct palace because that's exactly what scared cease that these arms will never believed. this is the footage from the detonation of the hydrogen bomb developed by the under a some sort of the u.s.s.r. had managed to beat the united states in developing the terrifying weapon of mass destruction sephiroth became an academic he's an early thirties it's one of the bomb tests resulted in the deaths a soldier on site and a little girl in a nearby village a lift a strong impression sucker off despite the positive outcome of the new hydro bomb. last august they threw a small party in the test side to own
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a saucer of the main hero with and he was allowed to open the evening of course he also propose the first toast which shocks everyone your heart she says i'd like to drink job orms exploding into sites but never over towns and cities in america when you could i knew very well it's going to. at that time several became acquainted with this isn't historian via if he was the first soviet author to write a book about the true personality of joseph stalin then you will believe infrastructure of himself again as a discovery will find out about the gulags about that system of terror that was the foundation of our further cooperation is done his writing about politics and self and i bought him underground dissident publications. intellectual freedom is essential to human society freedom to obtain and distribute information freedom for open minded and fearless debate and freedom of pressure by officialdom and prejudices such a trilogy of freedom of thought is the only guarantee against people being
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contaminated by mass myths which in the hands of treacherous hypocrites and demagogues can be transformed into a bloody dictatorship. in the west the essay was an instant success selling millions of copies to authorities response was swift to sattar of was banned from working in harness among sixteen and moved to moscow there the academic attended underground meetings and took part in discussions on controversial issues soon sachar of came under the close eye of the k.g.b. who were there with back in those years they often result of the exulting the dissidents are abroad birdsong or of was too prominent a figure. also knew some state secrets though for no one even considered him going abroad as an option. you recall was
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a well known soviet dissident he first heard samples name in the one nine hundred seventy s. while listening to radio broadcasts western radio signals were jammed by the soviet union the dissidents found ways around the static. it was possible to get rid of the radio jamming with. navy receiver it was everywhere in the soviet union and with his help we could learn the truth of what was going on in our country and help us find out under a sucker of stuart's essays and his activities were debating which the. distance ceased to typewrite suckers essays they covertly posted them on the streets k.g.b. agents sworn opponent look out for them this data against the grassroots movement raged for many years we thought that when we go and women fire and we posted them here it was in residential areas and back streets and courtyards our
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fires said the truth and sucker of himself was saying and exposed the lives of the soviet press data to publish about and. it's about a record it will. gradually human rights and became sacrosanct main occupation to a large extent this helped him overcome the grief caused by the death of his first wife and succumbed to cancer. a few years later sacro of met yelena bonner at a dissident called trial. lawyer is an outstanding room of a strong character and she had a serious influence over andrei so her of as you know he was very open and you can feel that is wife's actions did influence his behavior. in the nineteen eighties prominent soviet artists are gay bochur of volunteered to paint sack or else portrayed however the work remained unfinished he found the relationship in
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the center of family so intriguing that he wanted to include yelena bonner because of her great influence over husband. as we told the doctor sokoloff account of seven slaps on a gave him changes every time she didn't like. something and then i started to draw her she was shocked by even to draw me to and i said of course i will only draw you because you have a tremendous influence over. it shows in my sketch she tried to rip it out of my hands and i actually had to run with it to save it from. one thought or. took to heart any attack on his wife the author of the notorious soviet cia versus u.s.s.r. who took the liberty of making an offensive reference to born a jew response from dr sutter of and in public. but in summer of said first you should apologise to my wife in public others less refused summer of
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came up to him and slapped him in the face although not to hold the man left and the designer of gleefully sent a telegram to his wife i slept him. december nineteen seventy nine afghanistan. after a special operation to remove the leader of his long arm soviet troops invaded afghanistan the soviet press would later kulis fulfill international duty and several didn't hold back in publicly condemning the action calling its immigration he would not be forgiven for his remarks. we drove up to the consequences on her way to work the traffic police cars suddenly got a way where driver which surprised it sounds and walked to the policeman told us that players of the raid and from side panels and two mags on and. they showed
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a very large each of us and said that they were from a seal in a district in fact they were found a child should be kept. going to drive or a target they came to follow the car there which was also from the k.g.b. came to the prosecutor's office where the prosecutor become closer to making it approachable. towards the constant authorities have decided that you should be exhausted this is your core classes if. they yell skills of gorky in the new builds area should have been key here andrei sakharov and yellin and on the spend seven years of their lives together and during all that time there every step was monitored by the k.g.b. how many employees were watching several how many cassettes of hidden surveillance was shot and what reports were made it's all still a secret to this day. wealthy british style messiah roles in the past but
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i'd like. to see the. markets whine and scandal. find out what's really happening to the global economy in the cause a report on r.t. . twenty years ago the largest country in the world to serve the graces of. one hundred more than you can manage to teach began a journey. where did it take. moscow a limited physical institute and the academy of sciences the employees of these to cheech were the only people allowed to visit sacro in the city of gold key. his colleagues kept in touch with him during the whole seven year exile despite the difficulties such actions could bring them but when andre suffer of was in exile we
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did our best to preserve his office your rule nobody took his place at the table signed bearing his name was still hung on the door of the study that was attached to the in a side of the door and we separated by the wall guarded the sign where you stated. no official soviet establishment supposed to enforce law has taken responsibility for the fact of my deportation it is only up to a court to establish either someone's innocence or to determine the measure of punishment and a term of imprisonment my case is glaring unlawfulness. meanwhile in gold key all this sucker growth and bonus potential contacts were under a k.g.b. surveillance. when the academic arrived in the city even the manager of the local pharmacy was specially instructed by the k.g.b. on how to behave should sacrifice suddenly show up and we're prepared you a state security officer approached me shoot your id card and instructed me as to
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how i was to serve supper of there was war and if it happens to ask permission to make a phone call i was to tell him that. in one thousand nine hundred eighty didn't and the race was just thirteen years old one day he learned there was a local man whose name was only mentioned in response and ray and his friend decided to go and find out who exactly sattar of wards. it went to the fortune the first thing we saw was a man sitting at a table it turned out to be a policeman wearing civilian clothes. where no idea where interest her of lived and his neighbors showed us the way from the elevator. we rushed from the elevators fled there was on the right where prost the door no christabel with no hesitation. in the door seconds later we learned it was here in the barn and you're in the war she gave us a look of surprise and we all stiff and raising her of lived there she told us to
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come in and we did for her it was asleep but. while sucker of was busy in his study and re-examine the whole flat he remembers to this day the living room with the radio sets where sack of used to listen to western broadcasts and the kitchen with a remarkable table which the academic had managed to repair without nails and what he heard from sacro of amaze the boy much more. zero told us that one of the basic reasons for his exile was his opposition to the war in afghanistan we knew about this war and were aware the thoughts of august were being killed when we were leaving we all still for a civilian serve gave me and my friend a fail well postcard each here's my post card i've counted for thirty years now and they're only briefly thought to andrey tremendous ring it all does that k.g.b. can take it away from us because. an
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old two story mansion in the center of gorky was the only place where and the lace and yelena bonner could pay friendly calls the family of maria hein of sky elin his relatives lived in the building the high notes the family had a similar story they were also in exile to go to keep by the soviet or thora trees forty years before those events. since the one nine hundred eighty s. k.g.b. officers over the around the yard peering through the window to monitor several visits there were times when the academics ceased to believe there would ever be an end to his constant harassment is not and they even found a place in the oracle where they wanted to be buried there is neither of them hope to get out of this town of exile. the tension was extreme.
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cheering is gorky exile sucker of went on hunger strike three times for the first joined by you'll end up on the. local doctors received an order to hospitalize sucker off. the incident was put on record by the k.g.b. . today said rose ward is still a local place of interest the doctors don't like to comment on those events. the force feed in involved quite rough methods as andreessen groups later recalled they fast and his arms and legs to the bad plays a clip on his nose and poorly nutritious mixture into his mouth whenever he took a breath. in one thousand nine hundred eighty three secor of managed to leak to the west a new work to be published back in response to soviet leadership started afresh pounds of open persecution one of the central u.s.s.r.
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newspapers published an article composed by four soviet academics who choose sacral of instigate a nuclear war against the soviet union mr sattar of if once you have the right to be called a comrade of the working class can no longer call you so the soviet workmen deplore your miserable attempts to tarnish the soviet reality and can damn your outspoken treachery. these abusive letters are actually very diverse but they have a similar structure of i didn't paragraphs denounces of the contents of that it was staged they picked people from various ends of the soviet union and told them write suffer for write this and don't mention this and that. meanwhile support for the exiled academic was growing in the west
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a square in front of the soviet embassy in washington saw so many demonstrations and was named secular of plaza haven't heard washington. new york and decided to follow in the footsteps of washington and renamed part the street next to russian. united nations mission where a mission is a needle part of a war that was renamed sucker of warner corner. is world a communist party has chosen mikhail gorbachev as his general secretary. in nineteen ninety five gorbachev started his policy of perestroika to bring down the iron curtain soon after supper of received that famous call from goldberg shelf he told his seven year exile was over the still yes when he abnormality of the situation became clear everyone went on to discuss it i said so what let's face the
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issue. i think we should get suckered back let him come back from exile and get to work because even at the time glasnost was already underway in the country so it would go. a week of the gorbachev phone call sattar of return to moscow and was met by dozens of journalists sattar of had no idea what was in store for him he abstained from giving any political statements the first place he visited was a martyr a limited physical institute he will then to attend a scientific seminar but unlike seven years before it was not detained by the k.g.b. on his way in there the growth of this regime and we covered the seminal as usual review on tuesday it was a seminar very much like the one that is being held here right now in the seminar started and then came south of intended to into the whole noiselessly in order not
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to interrupt the seminar not to draw everyone's attention to himself something incredible happened i spotted him a good time to applause was the border of the soon sector of was elected to the supremes council as a delegate from the academy of sciences was in june one thousand nine hundred eighty nine sacro found himself at the center of a scandal that flared up in the first days of the session and condemned the situation concerning a soviet troops in afghanistan if you know that on the war in afghanistan as a troy he took me over the great wrong in itself. you know it's not clear you should be held responsible for this great trauma but country. these statements were just offensive on the offices who had foreseen that war themselves one of the subtle rosaline opponents has made just said a gay children a peacekeeper
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a former paratrooper who lost both his legs in the war. we're very shocked by the provocative behavior of his famous son to. thank. today surrogate lives in kiev and his head of the ukrainian war veterans group he still believes that sucker of was to go above and trusting people who provided him with information including that on the situation in afghanistan. overfull which was generally speaking apart from being a great physicist grew of the sucker of was a very sincere and naive person he was easily deceived and believed everything he heard he was and i had to counter his statements in a harsh manapul i think he was simply to see for the people who surround in those which was a political course of the young so gay expressed a populist standpoint among soviets in relation to the conflict in afghanistan
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those who supported secularist point of view were an absolute minority of the session but the debates were broadcast live across the country allowing the public to decide as a result sacral started to receive letters once again just like in the old days this time however the letters have been much different tone to those that previously filled his mailbox during his gawky exile. dear dr suffer oh please accept my deepest apologies for the so-called public humiliation i can't keep silent anymore after watching the session of the congress of people's deputies on t.v. did i realize how desperately we need to get. on december fourteenth one thousand nine hundred eighty nine during a session of the congress sattar of gave an interview to cannes like television the questions concerned the future of the cynical lass in test sites in kazakstan it
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was a place when you clear weapons had been detonated for decades sachar off demanded that the site be closed because the people who lived in this facility were paying too high a price for those nuclear tests. yeah right mankind will terminate the critical period of history when we can peters and inventing weapons of mass destruction but it is a kind of examination and condescend to say that a test of the ability to survive a thoughtless wish. it was his last interview a few hours later sacral spot failed his friends him and told him the previous day would deeply shocked. they had no warning signs. thousands of people came to bid farewell to the academic sattar of. any final
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year sachar of was drafting a new constitution for the country. but died before it was finished. many of those in and read sachar of early articles and his political supporters had lost their chance of meeting him in person. while the high standards of goods and devotion to the cause of the people in cyprus has set still needs to be fully understood. and that there would i'm sure the role is playland liberation of russia from doctrines or would be justly appreciative of good to share with the thinking of the.
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